Sacred mountains in Lobuje

Bundok Everest

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Ang Bundok Everest ay ang pinakamataas na bundok sa Daigdig, kapag sinusukat ang taas ng tutok higit sa kapatagan ng dagat. Nasa hangganan sa pagitan ng Nepal at Tsina ang mga palupo ng tutok ng Everest. Inaakalang tumataas ang tuktok ng Everest sa tulin na mga 4 milimetro bawat taon[1].

Pagpapangalan

Sa Nepal, tinatawag ang bundok bilang Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा, Sanskrit para sa "Noo ng Langit"). Chomolungma o Qomolangma (ཞ) ("Ina ng Sansinukob") ang tawag naman sa wikang Tibet , o sa Intsik: 珠穆朗瑪峰 (pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng) o 聖母峰 (Shèngmǔ Fēng).

Nabigyan ng pangalang Ingles ang bundok ni Andrew Waugh, ang Briton na surveyor-general ng India. Sa kadahilanang sarado ang Nepal at Tibet sa banyagang paglalakbay, sinulat niya:

(Sa wikang Ingles)

...I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir Geo. Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation. … But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal... In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign … a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.

(Salin sa wikang Tagalog)

...Tinuruan ako ng aking ginagalang na pinuno at sinundan, si Koronel Sir Geo. Everest na italaga ang bawat heograpikal na bagay sa kanyang tunay na lokal o katutubong pangalan. … Ngunit nandito ang isang bundok, marahil ang pinakamataas sa buong mundo, na walang lokal na pangalan na maaari nating matuklasan, kung mayroon man, hindi marahil ito matiyak bago tayo mapahintulot na pumasok sa Nepal...Samantala ang pribelehiyo gayon din ang tungkulin nakaatang sa akin na magtalaga … isang pangalan kung saan makikilala ng mga mamamayan at heograpiko at magiging salita ng sambahayanan ng mga bansang sibilisado.

Dahil dito pinili ni Waugh ang pangalan ni George Everest bilang pangalan ng bundok, na unang ginagamit ang baybay na Mont Everest, at pagkatapos Mount Everest. Bagaman, iba ang makabagong pagbigkas ng Everest – IPA: Шаблон:IPA or Шаблон:IPA (EV-er-est) – sa pagbigkas ni Sir George sa kanyang sariling apelido, na binibigkas bilang Шаблон:IPA (EAVE-rest).

Noong 2002, inilimbag ng Instik na pahayagan na People's Daily ang isang artikulo na kinakalaban ang patuloy na paggamit ng Ingles na pangalan ng bundok sa Kanluraning mundo, na pinagpipilitang dapat gamitin ang pangalang Tibet nito. [1]

Inimbento ang pangalang Sagarmatha ng Nepal noong unang bahagi ng dekada 1960 nang napagtanto ng pamahalaan ng Nepal na walang pangalang lokal ang Bundok Everest. Dahil hindi kilala ang bundok at hindi pinangalan ng mga etnikong Nepal (ang lambak ng Kathmandu at mga napapaligirang lugar). Hindi katanggap-tanggap ang pangalang Sherpa/Tibet na Chomolangma dahil laban ito sa pagkakaisa ng bansa.

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Tips & Hints
Arrange By:
Peter XX
march 25 2011.

Oxygen taste real good here.

Raphael Cornuz
october 7 2010.

Eat the cleanest snow in the World.

Artyom Fedosov
july 24 2014.

The highest summit in Asia and around the world. Elevation — 8,848 m.

Thomas Evans
september 19 2012.

Wear a coat

pin_lopez
february 21 2012.

Try the Frozen Cappuccino up here. It's frozen!

CAPANOGLU
january 24 2011.

Need to hot tea !!! But it is awesome good !

Alberto Brandão
july 18 2010.

wear coats!

Malcolm MacDonald
march 6 2013.

This is a tall mountain.

Gregory Cline
november 16 2011.

drinking a beer, having a cig, and wearing my flip flops... perfect weather up here

CAPANOGLU
january 20 2011.

Would you want to drink a cup of tea with me on the peak of the world ? !(8,840 m)

Rob Shepherd
october 29 2010.

Take snow shoes and something good to breathe

OngAndrew 翁
september 12 2015.

My Great Salute to those previous successful Everest conquerors & Respect to those climbers who died somewhere at this famous peak

OngAndrew 翁
september 12 2015.

Freezing cold... Superb amazed on the peak of the World

Tenzin Woaber
september 28 2014.

Take it easy... Let ur body make adjustment to the altitude before doing any thing physical challenging... Remember it's at more the 5000 meters above sea level

Daniele Giusto
august 29 2014.

Popular place among 4sq people 😝

Don Deedo
june 5 2014.

Open eyes clearly with deep breath and enjoy with mother of nature

Adam Lorenz
june 5 2014.

Try climbing in your swim shorts while sucking the o's

Peter Nitsch
october 24 2012.

Bring oxygen.

Cybaright
may 23 2012.

I'm on Tip of the World...

Mustafa Tankut Azak
august 12 2016.

donasınnn ona göree

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1.9km from Hornbein Couloir, Shigatse, Nepal

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