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Sacred mountains in Lobuje

Bundok Everest

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Ang Bundok Everest ay ang pinakamataas na bundok sa Daigdig, kapag sinusukat ang taas ng tutok higit sa kapatagan ng dagat. Nasa hangganan sa pagitan ng Nepal at Tsina ang mga palupo ng tutok ng Everest. Inaakalang tumataas ang tuktok ng Everest sa tulin na mga 4 milimetro bawat taon[1].

Pagpapangalan

Sa Nepal, tinatawag ang bundok bilang Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा, Sanskrit para sa "Noo ng Langit"). Chomolungma o Qomolangma (ཞ) ("Ina ng Sansinukob") ang tawag naman sa wikang Tibet , o sa Intsik: 珠穆朗瑪峰 (pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng) o 聖母峰 (Shèngmǔ Fēng).

Nabigyan ng pangalang Ingles ang bundok ni Andrew Waugh, ang Briton na surveyor-general ng India. Sa kadahilanang sarado ang Nepal at Tibet sa banyagang paglalakbay, sinulat niya:

(Sa wikang Ingles)

...I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir Geo. Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation. … But here is a mountain, most probably the highest in the world, without any local name that we can discover, whose native appellation, if it has any, will not very likely be ascertained before we are allowed to penetrate into Nepal... In the meantime the privilege as well as the duty devolves on me to assign … a name whereby it may be known among citizens and geographers and become a household word among civilized nations.

(Salin sa wikang Tagalog)

...Tinuruan ako ng aking ginagalang na pinuno at sinundan, si Koronel Sir Geo. Everest na italaga ang bawat heograpikal na bagay sa kanyang tunay na lokal o katutubong pangalan. … Ngunit nandito ang isang bundok, marahil ang pinakamataas sa buong mundo, na walang lokal na pangalan na maaari nating matuklasan, kung mayroon man, hindi marahil ito matiyak bago tayo mapahintulot na pumasok sa Nepal...Samantala ang pribelehiyo gayon din ang tungkulin nakaatang sa akin na magtalaga … isang pangalan kung saan makikilala ng mga mamamayan at heograpiko at magiging salita ng sambahayanan ng mga bansang sibilisado.

Dahil dito pinili ni Waugh ang pangalan ni George Everest bilang pangalan ng bundok, na unang ginagamit ang baybay na Mont Everest, at pagkatapos Mount Everest. Bagaman, iba ang makabagong pagbigkas ng Everest – IPA: Шаблон:IPA or Шаблон:IPA (EV-er-est) – sa pagbigkas ni Sir George sa kanyang sariling apelido, na binibigkas bilang Шаблон:IPA (EAVE-rest).

Noong 2002, inilimbag ng Instik na pahayagan na People's Daily ang isang artikulo na kinakalaban ang patuloy na paggamit ng Ingles na pangalan ng bundok sa Kanluraning mundo, na pinagpipilitang dapat gamitin ang pangalang Tibet nito. [1]

Inimbento ang pangalang Sagarmatha ng Nepal noong unang bahagi ng dekada 1960 nang napagtanto ng pamahalaan ng Nepal na walang pangalang lokal ang Bundok Everest. Dahil hindi kilala ang bundok at hindi pinangalan ng mga etnikong Nepal (ang lambak ng Kathmandu at mga napapaligirang lugar). Hindi katanggap-tanggap ang pangalang Sherpa/Tibet na Chomolangma dahil laban ito sa pagkakaisa ng bansa.

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Nepal Planet Treks
september 4 2017.
merupakan gunung tertinggi di dunia dengan ketinggian setinggi 8850 meter. Gunung Everest terletak di banjaran gunung Himalaya. Everest adalah gunung tertinggi di bumi (diukur dari paras laut). Rabung kemuncak gunung menandakan sempadan antara Nepal dan Tibet. Di Nepali gunung tersebut dikenali sebagai Sagarmatha (Sanskrit untuk "dahi langit") dan di Tibetan Chomolangma atau Qomolangma ("ibu alam"), yang diambil dari nama Cina 珠穆朗玛峰 (pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng). Walaupun ia dinamakan Everest oleh Sir Andrew Waugh, jeneral peninjau British di India, sebagai penghormatan kepada yang sebelumnya Sir George Everest, sebutan popular Everest (Ev-er-est) berbeza dangan sebutan Sir George mengenai nama akhirnya (Eve-rest). Radhanath Sikdar, juru ukur dan pakar matematik dari Bengal, merupakan orang yang pertama mengenal pasti Everest sebagai kemuncak tertinggi melalui kiraan trigonometri, pada 1852. Sesetengah rakyat India percaya bahawa puncak tersebut sepatutnya dinamakan menurut Sikdar, bukannya Everest. Gunung ini dianggarkan 8,850 m (29,035 kaki; hampir 5.5 batu) tinggi, walaupun terdapat variasi daripada segi ukuran (kerajaan Nepal tidak mengesahkan ukuran ini secara rasmi, ketinggian Everest masih dianggap 8,848 m). Ia pertama kali diukur pada tahun 1856 sebagai mempunyai ketinggian 29,000 kaki, tetapi diisytiharkan sebagai 29,002 kaki tinggi. Tambahan secara rawak 2 kaki menunjukkan perasaan masa itu bahawa ketinggian tepat 29,000 kaki akan dianggap sebagai anggaran yang dibulatkan. Masa kini anggaran umum yang diterima pakai adalah 8850 m yang diperolehi melalui bacaan Sistem Kedudukan Sejagat (GPS). Everest masih meningkat akibat pergerakan plat tektonik kawasan tersebut; bagaimanapun, kesan itu hanya ketara pada skala masa geologi. Secara tepat, Everest adalah gunung yang kemuncaknya mencapai jarak paling luas di atas paras laut. Dua gunung lain yang kadang-kala didakwa sebagai "gunung tertinggi di dunia"ialah Mauna Loa di Hawaii ialah paling tertinggi apabila diukur dari dasarnya pada dasar tengah laut, tetapi hanya mencapai ketinggian 4,170 m (13,680 kaki) atas paras laut dan kemuncak Gunung Chimborazo di Ecuador adalah 2,150 m lebih dari pusat bumi berbanding Everest, kerana Bumi agak berisi dikawasan Khatulistiwa. Bagaimanapun, Chimborazo hanya mencapai ketinggian 6,272 m atas paras laut, yang menurut kriteria bukan juga kemuncak tertinggi di Andes. Lebih menarik, dasar terdalam di lautan adalah lebih dalam berbanding ketinggian Everest: Challenger Deep, terletak di Parit Mariana, begitu dalam sehinggakan sekiranya gunung Everest diletakkan di dalamnya, masih terdapat hampir satu batu air menutupinya. http://www.nepalguideinfo.com/everest-base-camp-trek/ http://www.nepalplanettreks.com Nepal Mounatin Guide TeamS (Nepal Planet Treks and Expedition Pvt. Ltd.) GPO: 4453 Paknajol ,Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal Phone: +977-1-4252196 Mobile: +977-9841613822 (Sanjib) Fax: +977-1-4252196 Email: sanjibtrekguide@gmail.com

added at 03.07:
Lebih menarik, dasar terdalam di lautan adalah lebih dalam berbanding ketinggian Everest: Challenger Deep, terletak di Parit Mariana, begitu dalam sehinggakan sekiranya gunung Everest diletakkan di dalamnya, masih terdapat hampir satu batu air menutupinya. http://www.nepalguideinfo.com/everest-base-camp-trek/ http://www.nepalplanettreks.com Nepal Mounatin Guide TeamS (Nepal Planet Treks and Expedition Pvt. Ltd.) GPO: 4453 Paknajol ,Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal Phone: +977-1-4252196 Mobile: +977-9841613822 (Sanjib) Fax: +977-1-4252196 Email: sanjibtrekguide@gmail.com

added at 03.07:
Peter XX
march 25 2011.
Oxygen taste real good here.
Raphael Cornuz
october 7 2010.
Eat the cleanest snow in the World.
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1.9km from Hornbein Couloir, Shigatse, Nepal

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